HomeBlogPPM HealthThyroid Disorder: The different variations, definitions, and stats 

Thyroid Disorder: The different variations, definitions, and stats 

Thyroid disorders are relatively common in the United States. According to data from the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), an estimated 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease. It is estimated that another 14 million Americans have a form of thyroid disease and are unaware. 

There are also numerous variations of thyroid disorder; hypothyroid, hyperthyroid, Hashimotos, Graves disease, etc. Check out the list below, your endocrinologist may have trouble diagnosing you with the correct disorder. Conduct your own research, I’ve started some for you…go to your next appointment informed!

  • Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, is one of the most common thyroid disorders. It affects approximately 4.6% of the U.S. population, with higher rates in older adults.
  • Hyperthyroidism: Hyperthyroidism, a condition characterized by excessive production of thyroid hormone, affects around 1.2% of the population in the United States.
  • Thyroid cancer: Thyroid cancer is relatively uncommon compared to other cancers. It is estimated that about 52,070 new cases of thyroid cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in a year, with approximately 2,180 deaths.
  • Autoimmune thyroiditis: Thyroiditis is when your thyroid gland becomes irritated. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common type of this health problem. It is an autoimmune disease. It occurs when your body makes antibodies that attack the cells in your thyroid. The thyroid then can’t make enough of the thyroid hormone.
  • Thyroid nodules: The term thyroid nodule refers to an abnormal growth of thyroid cells that forms a lump within the thyroid gland. Although the vast majority of thyroid nodules are benign (noncancerous), a small proportion of thyroid nodules do contain thyroid cancer. In order to diagnose and treat thyroid cancer at the earliest stage, most thyroid nodules need some type of evaluation.
  • Benign nodular goiter: Multinodular goiter, also called a nontoxic goiter. The word goiter means the thyroid gland has grown too large. This usually happens when the pituitary gland in the brain creates too much thyroid stimulating hormone. In a population-based study in Connecticut, the overall prevalence of multinodular goiter was 0.84%, with a higher prevalence in females (1.6%) compared with males (0.1%) (18). We did not find data on the incidence of benign nodular goiter.
  • Graves’ ophthalmopathy: Graves’ ophthalmopathy results from a buildup of certain carbohydrates in the muscles and tissues behind the eyes — the cause of which also isn’t known. It appears that the same antibody that can cause thyroid dysfunction may also have an “attraction” to tissues surrounding the eyes. In the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the age-adjusted incidence of Graves’ ophthalmopathy was more than five times greater in White females (16 per 100,000 py) than males (2.9 per 100,000 py) (standardized rate ratio = 5.5; 95% CI, 3.3–9.3) (20). This article also included data stratified by age-sex subgroups. We did not find prevalence data for this condition.
  • Lymphocytic (postpartum) thyroiditis: Silent lymphocytic thyroiditis is a self-limited, subacute disorder occurring most commonly in women during the postpartum period. Symptoms are initially of hyperthyroidism, then hypothyroidism, and then generally recovery to the euthyroid state. In a group of women in the immediate postpartum stage in a Marshfield, Wisconsin, clinic, the incidence of postpartum thyroiditis was reported to be 11.3% during 1.5 months (21).
  • Subacute (granulomatous) thyroiditis: The Rochester Epidemiology Project also reported data on the incidence of subacute thyroiditis, which was 12.1 per 100,000 py, and higher in females (19.1 per 100,000 py) than in males (4.4 per 100,000 py) (22). The incidence of subacute thyroiditis was highest in young adulthood and middle age individuals, declining with increasing age.

Reference

  1. American Thyroid Association, Thyroid Nodules FAQs
  2. National Library of Medicine, Prevalence and Incidence of Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders in the United States: A Comprehensive Review

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